Amateur webcam boxing
More studies directly evaluating the relationship between APOE genotype as well as other potential genetic risk factors for traumatic brain injury and concussions sustained in amateur boxers will be useful in establishing preventive health measures for these individuals.
Modifiable risk factors in amateur boxing are the subject of considerable controversy.
The reduction of concussions in amateur boxing could be attributed to shorter match durations and greater implementation of stringent safety considerations, including standing eight counts.
Still, amateur boxers may be at a 13% chance of concussion every time they step into the ring for competition.
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Further study of acute and chronic TBI incidence in amateur boxing, molecular markers as signs of brain damage and predictors of health outcomes, and identification of modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors may ensure better long-term health outcomes in these individuals.
Rather than shun the existence of boxing, physicians should play an active role in the development of safer practices.A study measuring markers of neuronal and axonal injury in amateur boxers found a four-fold increase from baseline in serum neurofilament light (NFL) protein three months after participation in an organized boxing match.Risk factors for raised biomarker concentrations included being hit over 15 times in the head during an amateur bout and grogginess after fighting.While this study was statistically underpowered, it set a valuable conceptual framework to build upon in identifying nonmodifiable risk factors for TBI in amateur boxers.A similar study in 2011 of nearly 200 college athletes, predominantly male football players, found that certain APOE allele carriers were ten times more likely to have a history of concussions than noncarriers.